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Muskulo Skeletal System (MS2)

Arts & Métiers ParisTech
Arts & Métiers ParisTech
Biomechanical modeling is used in the analysis of musculoskeletal pathologies. The frequency and healthcare impact of these diseases are such that 2000-2010 has been named the “Bones and Joints Decade” by the UN and the WHO. Articular diseases account for half of all chronic pathologies observed after 65 years of age.
Subtrack courses
UE 3.7c - Mechanical behavior of biological tissues
UE 3.8c – Non-linear aspects for the musculoskeletal modeling
UE 3.9c – Medical imaging & geometrical modeling
UE 3.10c – Muscular system modeling
UE 3.11c – Movement analysis & surgical navigation
The prevention of sports traumatisms, as well as sports performance research, require the development of new methods in the effort to understand the behavior of the musculoskeletal system.
This subtrack will have a particular focus on methods for geometric and mechanical modelling of the musculoskeletal system: finite element approaches, direct and inverse dynamics in relation with gait analysis, modelling of the muscles and the neurocontrol activation system.

Experimental approaches and quantitative functional investigation from medical data are also key issues that will be addressed. Transversal links with the other BME tracks will be encouraged, since musculoskeletal modelling is related to bioimaging, mechanical properties biologic tissues and biomaterials, neuroengineering and biotherapy. In these related fields, light will be brought on specificities when considering the musculoskeletal system.

Example of research projects in this track:

  • Experimental and finite element analysis of a disc prosthesis.
  • Subject specific modelling of cerebral palsy gait for optimization of therapeutic strategy.
  • Finite element modelling for osteoporosis fracture risk prediction.


  • To acquire a multidisciplinary expertise in engineering and life science.
  • To develop competences in the modeling of the osteoarticular system at different scales.
  • To develop methodologies for advanced research projects and to publish in international scientific journals.


  • Joint diploma delivered by ParisTech and Université Paris Descartes.
  • A strong multidisciplinary culture of scientific research.
  • A pedagogy centered on interdisciplinary, projects and seminars.


Arts et Métiers ParisTech, ParisTech campuses and Université Paris Descartes


  • General parametric modeling of the human body
  • 3D Reconstruction of the body shape from low dose X-Rays EOS
  • Finite element modeling of the skull
  • Modeling of muscular tissues
  • Evaluation of the bone reconstruction from low dose X-Rays EOS


Careers in industry: orthopedic implants, medical imagery or other technology based sectors in medicine or sports medicine.

Positions: R&D, consultancy, project management.

PhD in Biomechanics & Bioengineering

Careers in academia


Academic partners: ParisTech Campuses, Univerité Paris Descartes, Université Pierre et Marie Currie

Industrial partners: Clariance, Cousin Biotech, Depuy, EOS Imaging, Graftys, Medicrea, Med-Imaps, PMB, Protéor, Scient’X, SpineArt, Stryker, Vexim.


The program is taught in English.



Arts et Métiers ParisTech
Université Paris Descartes
Master BME Paris